Cyclopamine, Free Base
ADCs Toxins, Cyclopamine is a Hedgehog signaling pathway inhibitor. Cyclopamine inhibits the growth of medulloblastoma cells. Activation of the hedgehog (HH) pathway plays a critical role in the development and continued growth of pancreatic adenocarcinoma (PAC). Cyclopamine, a HH pathway inhibitor, has been shown to suppress PAC cell proliferation in vitro and in vivo. However, the molecular basis of response to cyclopamine has not been fully elucidated nor have genes that predict sensitivity to this compound been identified. The viability of 9 human PAC cell lines following cyclopamine exposure was determined using MTS assay. Among the cell lines examined, cyclopamine IC50 values ranged from 8.79 to >30 µM. Response to cyclopamine included reduced cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis with and without mitochondrial membrane depolarization. Regression analysis revealed that GLI3 expression significantly correlated with cyclopamine resistance (r = 0.80; p = 0.0102). Knockdown of GLI3 using siRNAs increased sensitivity to cyclopamine. In addition, GLI3 siRNAs decreased PAC cell viability and reduced expression of genes involved in HH signaling (Patched 1 and GLI1) and cell proliferation, similar to cyclopamine. These effects were not observed in PAC cells with undetectable GLI3 expression. These data suggest that Gli3 mediates cell survival and sensitivity to cyclopamine in pancreatic cancer. (Partially: Cancer Biol Ther. 2010 Nov 1;10(9):893-902. doi: 10.4161/cbt.10.9.13252. Epub 2010 Nov 1.).
|Trivial name||Cyclopamine, Free Base|
|Alternative Name(s)||Cyclopamine, Free Base|
|Research Area||ADC research|
|Additional Information||Not fully tested. For research use only. Not for human use. We do not sell to patients.|